Life Science Newsletter – April 2, 2012

In this issue: in praise of yoga, economic toll of  autism, fat diets increase colon cancer risk, preventing postpartum psychosis, ULCA on meditation, belly fat affects blood flow, sentries of intestinal immunity, genetics and the boss’s brain, white rice ups risk of diabetes, aspirin and cancer, cell phones felt by fetus, stuck in time at Yale, and more…

 

Researchers Confirm Role of Genes in Executive Dysfunction

A study led by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and the McKnight Brain Institute shows specific genetic traits may predispose people to executive dysfunction.

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Study Shows How High-Fat Diets Increase Colon Cancer Risk

Epidemiologists have long warned that, in addition to causing obesity, eating too much fat and sugar puts a person at greater risk for colon cancer.

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Threshold Pharmaceuticals Announces Multiple Data Presentations on TH-302 at the 2012 AACR Annual Meeting

Oral, Late-Breaking Presentation and Subsequent Webcast to Detail Efficacy and Safety Data From Phase 2b Trial of TH-302 in Pancreatic Cancer

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Aspirin To Prevent And Treat Cancer: The Evidence Continues To Build

A collection of three papers (two published in The Lancet and one in The Lancet Oncology) add to the growing evidence base suggesting that daily aspirin can be used to help prevent and possibly treat cancer.

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Preventive Treatment of Pregnant Women at High Postpartum Psychosis Risk

ARLINGTON, Va. — Twenty-nine pregnant women with a history of psychotic symptoms after previous deliveries, but not at other times, all remained stable without medication throughout their current pregnancies.

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ZIOPHARM Oncology Announces Preclinical Data on Palifosfamide and IL-12 Gene Delivery to be Presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2012

ZIOPHARM Oncology, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company with small molecule and synthetic biology approaches to new therapies for rare and difficult-to-treat cancers, announced today that data from four preclinical studies — three focused on metastatic breast cancer — will be presented at the 2012 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting, being held March 31 — April 4 in Chicago, IL.

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Researchers Find Yoga Helps Ease Stress Related Medical and Psychological Conditions

(Boston) — An article by researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), New York Medical College (NYMC), and the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons (CCPS) reviews evidence that yoga may be effective in treating patients with stress-related psychological and medical conditions such as depression, anxiety, high blood pressure and cardiac disease.

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Let’s Raise a Glass to, Well, What’s in the Glass: The Benefits of Alcohol in Stroke Risk

BOSTON, MA — According to new research from Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), light-to-moderate alcohol consumption was associated with a lower risk of stroke in women.

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Dynavax Reports Final Phase 3 Data for HEPLISAV(TM) in CKD Patients and New Data From Booster Trial in Hemodialysis Patients

Dynavax Technologies Corporation (NASDAQ: DVAX) today announced final data from a pivotal Phase 3 trial in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) demonstrating early seroprotection and the durability of the immune response to HEPLISAV compared to Engerix-B®.

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Exposure To Antibiotics Linked To Severity Of Allergic Asthma: UBC Research

Widely used antibiotics may increase incidence and severity of allergic asthma in early life, according to a University of British Columbia study.

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Blocking Natural, Marijuana-Like Chemical In The Brain Boosts Fat Burning

Irvine, Calif., — Stop exercising, eat as much as you want and still lose weight?

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Mothers of Kids with Autism Earn Significantly Less

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a lifelong set of developmental disorders that often demand significant resources in time and money from families.

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How to Best Help Your Child Lose Weight: Lose Weight Yourself

A study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and The University of Minnesota indicates that a parent’s weight change is a key contributor to the success of a child’s weight loss in family-based treatment of childhood obesity.

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Threshold Pharmaceuticals’ TH-302 Receives Orphan Drug Designation in the European Union for the Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Threshold Pharmaceuticals, Inc.announced the European Commission has granted Orphan Drug Designation for TH-302, a hypoxia-targeted drug, for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma.

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Cell Phone Use In Pregnancy May Cause Behavioral Disorders In Offspring

Exposure to radiation from cell phones during pregnancy affects the brain development of offspring, potentially leading to hyperactivity, Yale School of Medicine researchers have determined.

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Study Suggests Once You Have Asthma, You Have It For Life

Toronto, — Unlike most chronic diseases, which tend to affect older adults and get progressively worse over time, asthma can start at any age (most commonly in children) and is known to clinically persist, possibly resolve, and/or present any combination of remissions and relapses over time.

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Losing Belly Fat, Whether From a Low-Carb or a Low-Fat Diet, Helps Improve Blood Vessel Function

Overweight people who shed pounds, especially belly fat, can improve the function of their blood vessels no matter whether they are on a low-carb or a low-fat diet, according to a study being presented by Johns Hopkins researchers at an American Heart Association scientific meeting in San Diego on March that is focused on cardiovascular disease prevention.

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Study Suggests Link Between H. pylori Bacteria and Blood Sugar Control in Adult Type II Diabetes

A new study by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center reveals that the presence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria is associated with elevated levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), an important biomarker for blood glucose levels and diabetes.

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Protein Discovery Could Switch Off Cardiovascular Disease

Researchers from Queen Mary, University of London and the University of Surrey have found a protein inside blood vessels with an ability to protect the body from substances which cause cardiovascular disease.

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Researchers Identify Unexpected Player In Intestinal Immunity

With every meal, immune cells in the intestine stand like sentries at a citadel, turning away harmful bacteria but allowing vitamins and nutrients to pass.

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White Rice Increases Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

The risk of type 2 diabetes is significantly increased if white rice is eaten regularly, claims a study published on bmj.com.

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Clot Busting Enzyme Plays ‘Peek-A-Boo’ With Blood Clots

By discovering how a blood clot-busting enzyme is switched on, researchers have unlocked a century-old atomic riddle that could lead to new treatments for clotting and bleeding disorders, and some cancers.

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Evidence Builds That Meditation Strengthens The Brain, UCLA Researchers Say

Earlier evidence out of UCLA suggested that meditating for years thickens the brain (in a good way) and strengthens the connections between brain cells.

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Botox Injections Now Used for Severe Urinary Incontinence

When you think of Botox injections, you probably think of getting rid of unwanted wrinkles around the eyes or forehead, but recently the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved using the injections to help patients with neurological conditions who suffer from incontinence, or an overactive bladder.

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Diet Or DNA: Are We Fated To Be Fat?

Marks on the genetic ‘code’ that babies have at birth is different for children who go on to be obese or overweight compared to those who do not, new research has found.

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Aging Brain Gets Stuck In Time, Yale Researchers Show

The aging brain loses its ability to recognize when it is time to move on to a new task, explaining why the elderly have difficulty multi-tasking, Yale University researchers report.

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